Mexico City – Holiday in America’s Oldest City
Serving as the capital of Mexico, Mexico City is the largest and most densely populated city in the country and offers some of the most bewitching architectural as well as natural attractions to its tourists. Officially known as Mexico D.F., the city is also the financial, cultural and political capital of Mexico. The city is located at a high altitude of 2,250 meters above sea level and currently serves as home to more than 21.2 million people, which makes it the largest metropolitan area in the western hemisphere, eleventh largest accumulation, and the largest Spanish-speaking city in the world.. The city is not only the oldest capital in America, but is also one of the two founded by Amerindians. With a gross domestic product of US$ 411 billion in 2011, the Greater Mexico City became one of the richest metropolitan areas in the world. It is an ‘alpha city’ and among the major financial centers in America. While Spanish is the official and most widely spoken language in the city, Nahuatl, Mayan, Indigenous languages and Tagalog are also spoken.
All the flights coming to Mexico City land at the Mexico City International Airport, which is the second largest airport in the Latin America and has the capacity to manage 4.5 million passengers in a year. The city experiences subtropical highland climate which features dry winters and warm summer. The average annual temperature ranges between 12 to 16 °C and snow fall is rarest of the rare case. The city has very chilly winters with warm days from December to February. Summer months last from March to May and during these months little rainfall occurs. This is a peak tourist season, hence hotel rates are higher, but you can get a good deal if you book your hotel much before the season. The months from June to August accompanied by heavy rainfall and this are an off season for tourism. The rains start to subside from September onwards and till November it is a shoulder season for tourism. Day of the Virgin of Guadalupe held on 12th December, Semana Santa in April, Cinco de Mayo on 5th May, Mexico City International Contemporary Film Festival in May, Fiesta del Virgen del Carmen in July, Día de la Independencia on September 16, Día de los Muertos on November 1 and ía de la Revolución held on 20th November are the major festivals celebrated in the city.
Surrounded by towering mountains and bursting with enchanting history, Mexico City is a dream travel destination. Begin your city tour from the Zócalo, which lies in the heart of the city and is among the largest squares in the world. This Plaza de la Constitución is also known as Constitution Square and houses the 3 most important attractions of the city - National Palace, the Metropolitan Cathedral, and the Templo Mayor.
While the National Museum of Anthropology showcases magnificent displays of old Indian art treasures, Templo Mayor and the Great Pyramid of Tenochtitlán are the most significant historical attractions in the city. Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral is one of the largest and oldest churches in the Western Hemisphere and is famed for its massive and magnificent structure. The National Palace (the president's official residence), Parque Alameda Central (a beautiful well laid park), The Square of the Three Cultures and Santiago de Tlatelolco (most historic squares in Mexico), Paseo de la Reforma and the Angel of Independence, Chapultepec Park, The Palace of Fine Arts, The House of Tiles, The Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe, National History Museum and Museo Mural Diego Rivera and Museo Rufino Tamayo are the most notable attractions you cannot afford to miss on your trip to Mexico City.
Eating and Shopping
Bustling with life and excitement, the city of Mexico has all that is required to impress even the fussiest of food critic. While the city is filled with high end restaurants, world famous eating joints and popular fast food chains, the true delight of enjoying the Mexican food is to hit the streets. The city is very popular for its street food which is not only delicious, but is cheap, authentic and please note, very safe for even those with delicate stomach. Tostadas, quesadillas, wide range of sea food, Tacos al pastor, Tacos de guisados, Tortas, Carnitas, Pozole, Grilled meat tacos and Flautas are the local delicacies one should no miss here. Oaxaca, Río Lerma and Río Danubio are among the many food streets in Mexico.
If you are a shopping aficionado, then there is not a better place for you to shop than Mexico City. Besides the luxury stores and shopping malls, the city is also filled with thousands of market stall, mercados (permanent markets) and tianguis (open air mobile markets operating on specific days). Some of the things which you should not miss buying in Mexico are - wooden figurines, handcrafted rugs, tile work, shawls, masks, blankets, mirrors and spices.
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