What is Teej?
Teej is a common name for festivals that are celebrated to welcome the onset of the monsoon season. The festival is marked by the singing of folk songs, dancing, music, fasting and prayers by women for their husband and family. Northern and Western India mainly celebrates three kinds of Teej – Haryali Teej, Kajari Teej and Hartalika Teej. Skyscanner gives you an overview of the festival.
Where is Teej Festival celebrated?
Various kinds of Teej are celebrated across Northern India, parts of Western India and in Nepal. In India, the festival is observed at different times in the states of Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Chandigarh and Bihar. The dates for the festival are decided according to the lunar calendar.
When is Teej Festival celebrated?
Teej is celebrated both in the Shravan and Bhadrapada months. Traditionally, Teej, which means third, falls on the third day of the Indian lunar month of Shravan and on the third days of the waning and waxing moon in the Indian lunar month of Bhadrapada.
2019 dates for Teej Festival in India
Haryali Teej will be celebrated on August 3 this year; Kajari Teej will be celebrated on August 18 and Hartalika Teej will be celebrated on September 1.
How is Teej festival celebrated?
Haryali Teej is celebrated on the third day of the Indian lunar month of Shravan, also known as saawan. This falls during the monsoon season which is accompanied by greenery and rain filled clouds. The festival is typically celebrated with festivities, swings, kite flying, folk songs and dance, traditional cooking, gifts, fairs and prayers. Married women wear bright coloured traditional clothes and are presented with gifts, sweets and mehendi by their parents and in-laws. The festival is also dedicated to the reunion of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati, who is also known as Teej Mata.
Features of Haryali Teej
- Haryali Teej is traditionally celebrated in Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Chandigarh.
- Ghewar is a local sweet made and presented especially on this festival.
- In Chandigarh, the administration organizes a cultural program annually at the Rock Garden. Expect swings, shows, plays and performances and a fair-like atmosphere here.
- Haryana celebrates Teej in a big way by declaring an official holiday. Expect lots of kite flying competitions, girls adorning their hands with mehendi, swings put up in public spaces and celebrations accompanied by gift exchanges.
- In Punjab, the festival is called teeyan and is celebrated with traditional dance or gidda performances and competitions. Like in other parts of the country, there is much fanfare, gifts, kite flying swings and celebration.
- In Rajasthan, women typically wear green clothes for Teej. Since the festival is dedicated to Goddess Parvati, processions with her idols are also taken out in many parts of the state.
Kajari Teej is celebrated after the third day of the Indian lunar month of Bhadrapada. Women pray to Lord Shiva, the moon and to the neem tree, and also fast without food and water. Folk songs called kajri, which are themed around separation from the beloved, are typically sung at this time.
Features of Kajari Teej
- Kajari Teej is mostly celebrated in Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, but also in Gujarat, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh.
- It is also known as boorhi teej or kajali teej.
- In Rajasthan, it is called badi or bigger teej. Fairs are held in various parts of the state and women wear new clothes on the day.
- The Kajari Teej fast is typically broken by eating sattu.
Hartalika Teej is celebrated with fervor by both married women as well as unmarried girls on the third day of the month of Bhadrapada. The festival involves rigid fasting and prayers to Goddess Parvati, also known as Teej Mata, for a husband like Lord Shiva. Just like Haryali Teej, the monsoon season is welcomed with swings, fairs, song and dance, sweets, gifts, kite flying and traditional meals.
Features of Hartalika Teej
- Hartalika Teej is primarily celebrated in Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttarakhand. Some parts of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh also observe the festival.
- Dedicated to Goddess Parvati, celebrations include her idol being taken out in streets accompanied by dance and song.
- Women stay up all night listening to prayers and stories about Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva.
- The fast for this festival requires women to stay without food and water for an entire day, and is broken the next day.
What can we eat in Teej fast ?
After a day of abstinence from food and water, women break their fast with vegetarian food. Some popular dishes traditionally eaten at this time are ghewar, rabdi or kheer, jalebi, malpua, moong dal samosa, kache kele ki tikki, hari mirch ke pakore, rice, dal, vegetable curry, jaggery, coconut water and pineapple panna.
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