Sudan’s capital and second largest city, Khartoum is located on the confluence of the While Nile and the Blue Nile and one of the best tourist destinations in the country. A tripartite metropolis, the city is linked to Khartoum North and Omdurman by bridges. The city was founded in 1821 by Ibrahim Pasha, the son of Egypt's ruler, Muhammad Ali Pasha. The city which served just as an outpost for the Egyptian Army developed into the regional center of trade and today it is an important seat of the Sudanese Government. The city spreads on an area of 2,511km2 and a population of 639,598 resides here. Arabic is the official language spoken by majority of people living in Khartoum.
Khartoum Interventional Airport is the major international airport and flights scheduled for Khartoum, land at this airport. Various European, Middle Eastern and African airlines operators connect the city with the rest of the world. The airport is located in the heart of city but a new airport which is 40 km from the city is also under construction. Featuring a hot desert type of climate, Khartoum remains dry for most part of the year. The months from November to March and April to June are very hot and dry and the dry continental trade wind dries the region further, thus making it a bad time to visit the city. Khartoum is one of the hottest and sunniest cities on the Earth. The months from December to February are comparatively less hot and are probably the better months to visit the city. Violent sandstorms known as haboobs are common in Khartoum from May through August. Khartoum International Music Festival, Sudan Traditional Food Festival, Khartoum International Trade Fair, Annual Flower Festival and European Film Festival are some of the major international events and festivals held in Khartoum.
The city of Khartoum offers some of the most charming attractions that tourists will love to explore. Nile Street or Shari'a Al-Nil is one of the prettiest streets in the city. With river Nile flowing one side, the other side is laden with colonial buildings and National Museum. Sudan Presidential Palace Museum which is located on the ground of the Presidential Palace displays relics and pieces related to Sudan's administrative and modern political history. The Changing of the Guard ceremony is held first Friday of every month near the South Gate of the Palace and it is a major attraction here.
A 3 to 4 km long walk from the Presidential Palace with take you to the gorgeous site of Al-Mogran, which if the meeting point of Blue Nile and White Nile. The new metal bridge linking Khartoum and Omdurman is the best place to see this confluence. The Al-Mogran Family Park is a small amusement park is also located here. Please note, photography is not allowed here. Souq Arabi is the traditional and commercial hub in Khartoum and it is a huge market spreading several squares in the center of Khartoum. Mesjid al-Kabir, a beautiful mosque is located close by. Sudan National Museum housing impressive collection of Egyptian exhibits is a major attraction. Sudan Ethnographic Museum situated at the corner of Al Gamaa Street and Mak Nemir Avenue showcases local culture of the various ethnic tribes of Sudan.
Eating and Shopping
Khartoum has numerous restaurants and eating joint spread across the city along with many clubs, to keep the tourists engages. Sudani cuisine has been largely influenced by cross-cultural influences of Arabs, Ethiopian, Egyptian, Indian and Yemani. Kissra, Aseeda, Gurassa, Gibna Bayda, Waika, Bussaara, Sabaroag, Elmaraara and Umfitit are the local delicaiies you should try in Khartoum. Opera Restaurant on Nile Street, Amwaj Restaurant at Airport Road, Laziz Delicious Restaurant at Al-Amarat Street, Bawabi Tourist Restaurant in Khartoum, Habesha Ethiopian restaurant in Arkaweet Area, Asian Biryani Restaurant in Khartoum North and Papa Costa in the city centers are among the most illustrious places to enjoy a meal. Khartoum is a Muslim country and as per the Sharia law, alcohol in banned.
Khartoum does not have high end boutiques or glamorous shopping malls and souqs are your safest bet when planning a shopping spree in Khartoum. The biggest advantage of shopping at souqs or the traditional market is that here you can buy variety of things at a very decent price. Afra Mal and Al-Amarat Centre are the only malls in the city and if you are looking for imported stuff or something for home then you can find it here. Prices are high of course. Souq Arabi is located in the center of the city and the market is divided into different section, each focusing on a single product. Saad Gishra in the northern part of the city is a covered market.